Fous as it is, it was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, a prestige organisation of globalization. Located not far from the capital, it just takes you 2 hours travel by car to get to this site.
Why it is so precious to visit Ha Long Bay?
Ha Long Bay has an area of around 1,553 km2 (600 sq mi), including 1,960–2,000 islets, most of which are limestone. The core of the bay has an area of 334 km2 (129 sq mi) with a high density of 775 islets. Larger as mentioned, it seems to features and conveys thousands of small islands, isles and limestones in various types that consists of many great spots in the bay.And what makes that become so worthy, it’s because of the 4 main values that establishes the bay, these are: geology and geomophology, biodiversity, archeology .
Geology and geomophology values
Geology plays an irreplaceable role in the beauty of Ha Long Bay and the reason why it was chosen to be an UNESCO World Heritage Site for two times already. For protecting itself from the old and presenting itself as an odd, Ha Long Bay’s geology still keeps it a lot of majors reprensenting as an instance model of the world’s stages and holds potential of thousands original karstic geomorphologic limestones features. This gel union of geology represented in the bay is seen by a huge amount of abundant resources and ‘’karst’’ formation and evolution.Where do those come from? The answer is in the maximum trangression of the Middle Holence that leads to the last zone of the are to be left undercut laterally that can be seen in the present limestones. This big shift in attention had left many abundant resources such as:oil shale, petroleum, lignite, phosphate, dolomite, kaolin,... over on the rich surface ultimately. And “karst” formation and revolution is also due to this great trangression. During Phanerozoic, terrigenous, volcanogenic and cherty-carbonate sediments containing in abundance graptolites, brachiopods, fishes, corals, foraminiferas, radiolarias, bivalves and flora, separated one from another by 10 stratigraphic gaps, but the boundary between Devonian and Carboniferous has been considered as continuous. This leads to the formtion that complete many beauty caves that everyone has known:Thien Cung Cave and Dau Go Cave. This important formalization also stands for the work of geomophology. In association with geology, the sight of the spectacular bay has grown out to be collaterally beautiful difference.
Alike to the foreseen values, biodiversity is as much important as these. As we all know the, biodiversity’s wealth relies on the wealth of the ecology that brings much and holds much potential. This is the same story to Ha Long Bay. Ha Long Bay’s ecology pattern divides into 2 formal systems which is considered to contribute so much to the more growing biodiversity in the past and present bay:Tropical forest system and Marine and Coastal system. Figuring out the first system that lends itself to the bay’s good, we will understand the key that claims to be no mystery. Firstly, this system consists of more than 1000 species. More specialities to be said by the biologists, the system has some breakthrough differences that no systems in the world might ever have. This is seen in the unique limestones islands environment that present in 7 endemic plants that just ever adapt to these islands. Those could be told as the bay’s proud are: Chirieta halongensis, Livisona halongensis, Chirieta hiepii,... Moreover, the system also has another 7 endemic plants that were found by the French, level up the number up to 14 endemic plant, an incredible number. Also, it holds potential of more than 50 animals species. Among of them, there is the small monkey species, which is now growing up in number on the Monkey Islands. Turning to the next ecosytem, the second system, people can enjoy another level of featuring profession. In this system, things come more sophisicated as it is divide into 2 others systems. However, let’s just sum up. Firstly, it includes more than 200 hundred species that hold another 50 endemic species. In this system we will see the constracting statistics in comparison with the first one as the number of the animals species come up to nearly 1000, an extraodinary number to be releasing. To sum up in the 2 systems, we will see that the bay’s ecology consists of 347 plant species, in which that has 16 species that is now noted in Vietnamese redlist, 1000 animal species include 60 endemic ones.
The Ha Long cultural heritage was born early from about 4000 years dating back. This cultural heritage system produces many grand brands that comes to mind millions of visitors coming to seek the Ha Long customs. There is not only one Ha Long culture from about 3-5 millennia ago, there is also a Soi Nhieu culture today from about 18,000-7,000 BC, widely distributed in Ha Long bay and Bai bay. Tu Long with typical relics in Me Cung, Tien Ong and Thien Long. The remaining relics are mainly used products such as cyclophorus and melania, some fossils of freshwater mollusks and some rudimentary labor tools accumulate. constitutes the cultural layer. In addition to the Soi Nhu culture, it is impossible not to mention Cai Beo Culture, 7000-5000 years ago before BC, considered as the period of interconnection between previous Soi Nhoi culture and Ha Long culture later. Cai Beo archaeological site is concentrated mainly in Cat Ba Island (Hai Phong) and Giap Khau and Ha Gian in Ha Long Bay. Cai Beo culture is one of the solid evidences of the confrontation with the very early sea of Vietnamese people.These two are the differences that makes up Ha Long’s culture